Sunday, November 25, 2007


Hi Guys,
I'm almost finished the editing process, I've seen alot of great work so far! I've been trying to think up a title for this project, all I've come up with so far is 'BLANK: A Comic Book Glossary.' Any ideas for what BLANK could be? I personally like KABLAMO, but I don't think it makes alot of sense. Or if anyone has any other ideas I'd love to hear them. Also, wait till you guys see the art, it's quite awesome.

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Friday, November 23, 2007


Or Tuesday

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Hi everybody,
I've recieved terms from the following people:














Which means I'm still waiting on:
Jason K
Emily C

I've sent an email to Jason, but I cannot read Emily's email address, does anyone have it?
Don't forget to send the term of your choice to the illustrators if you haven't done so already, their email addresses are lower down on this blog.
See you guys monday,

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Thursday, November 22, 2007

Joanna's Final Definitions

Hello Patrick,

Here are my final definitions. I also emailed them to you. Please let me
know if I need to change or fix anything.


A Japanese term representing a cultural phenomenon first appearing
in Japan in the 1970s. The term literally means cute and childlike and is
known for having a playful aesthetic that can be easily marketed. Kawaii is
often expressed through images and can usually be seen in Manga and chibi
style art. The nature of Kawaii is to appeal light-heartedly to youth
audiences while providing an endearing form of nostalgia in adults.

"Cute" A Dictionary of Modern Design. Jonathan Woodham. Oxford University
Press, 2004. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Simon Fraser
University. 19 November 2007

Biographical Comics:

A Biographical comic is the chronicled re-telling of someone's life in an
informative and symbolic manner by means of illustrated imagery. Such comics
differ from biographical novels in both form and content. Biographical
comics allow the writer to tell a story based on real life utilizing the
framework of comics. This is accomplished through the use of page
structures, symbolic imagery, varying or monotone color schemes, few or much
text, as well as the manipulation of other aspects of form.

"biography" The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature. Ed.
Margaret Drabble and Jenny Stringer. Oxford university Press, 2007. Oxford
Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Simon Fraser University. 19
November 2007


Color is the visual perception and experience allowing one to differentiate
between otherwise indistinguishable objects. Color influences art through
various aspects of the appearance of the artwork, including lustre,
luminosity, hue, saturation, brightness, darkness, shade, tint, intensity,
warming and cooling, weight, and, texture. The intended affect of color use
is to solicit an emotive experience for the reader or viewer of the comic
while producing symbolic meaning(s) beyond the text. Depending on the author
and illustrator's intent, color can also be used to direct the readers'
attention to or from the text.

Harold Osborne "colour" The Oxford Companion to Western Art. Ed. Hugh
Brigstocke. Oxford University Press, 2001. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford
University Press. Simon Fraser University. 19 November 2007

Gay Robins "Color Symbolism" The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Ed.
Donald B. Redford, Oxford University Press, Inc., 2001 Simon Fraser
University. 19 November 2007

Egan, Andrade. "The Colors of Emotion." American Ethnologist 1.1 (1974). Pp
49-63. JSTOR. October 28, 2007.

Miriam Webster dictionary ( color.

Action Drawings:

Action Drawing is the use of illustration to capture the motion being
performed by an object or figure. Through manipulations of form such as
lines, curves and color effects, the intended movement is graphically
displayed to the reader. Actions drawings are meant to sway the viewer's
focus from the character's physical appearance to what the character or
object is accomplishing through mobility. These drawing effects facilitate a
strengthened visual perception of movement and force on the image. Action
can take place in as few as just one or even several panels on a page and
can be in the form of simple or complex movements.


"action" The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy. Simon Blackburn. Oxford
University Press, 1996. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.
Simon Fraser University. 19 November 2007

Simple vs Complex Drawing

Simple line drawings are often ambiguous and do not directly resemble
reality or real world objects. Simply drawn images are frequently one
dimensional and limited in color usage. However, in comics a simple image
can represent something complex using symbolism and the abstract or
ambiguousness of the drawing. In contrast, complex graphics can range
visually from one to three dimensional images tending to more accurately
represent real world scenes, objects(s) or person(s) in an illustrated form;
oftentimes reflecting reality so well that little effort is needed to read
the artwork, or the story behind the text. Through these two drawing styles,
authors and illustrators are able to create a story within a story.

Honig, W.K. and Gregor Fetterman. Cognitive Aspects of Stimulus and Control.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (1992). P 4-5.

"complex adj." The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Eleventh edition
revised . Ed. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press,
2006. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Simon Fraser
University. 20 November 2007

"simple adj." The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Eleventh edition
revised . Ed. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. Oxford University Press,
2006. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Simon Fraser
University. 20 November 2007


Tuesday, November 20, 2007

illustrations reminder

Ann with some updates and reminders on the illustrations!

1) please email us your terms by THURSDAY (NOV 22nd).  We want to start on these as early as possible (aka Thursday evening) because we need to email these to Patrick on Sunday.  

2) for those in sonia's group (please see previous illustration blog for groupings) her email is:

3) how we are going to submit the illustrations:
the illustrations will be scanned or done on the computer so we can send it to Patrick by email (in whatever file format we prefer).  After emailing, he will put it together with the definitions.

I think that is all...if there are any concerns, just post a reply or email me! (

Thursday, November 15, 2007

Form Project

Hey Guys,
Just a reminder as to what needs to get done for next class. Hopefully on tuesday you will all have your definitions finished. Bring hard copies to class in case we have time to peer edit. I would like to have all the terms for Thursday so I can start editing them (and I know the illustrators want them too), so if we do peer review, could you make sure that any changes are made promptly. One things about the definitions themselves: I think we came to a concensus in class that we would avoid using direct quotations from any source, paraphrasing instead. So please include a works cited list with any relevant sources when you submit the terms.
PS If you have any questions please email me at, I'll be out of town till Sunday but will get back to you before class on Tuesday.

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Tuesday, November 13, 2007


A few things on the illustrations---please read!!

1) the illustrators are: Lauren, Ann, Crystal and Sonia.  We will be doing 5 illustrations each, so 20 illustrations in total.

2) we divided whoever is doing terms into groups.  Please look below for which group you belong in:

- Jen P
- Jason K
- Courtney V
- Joanna S
- Stephanie Y

ANN ( )
- Erin E
- Emily C
- Logan H
- Caitlyn D

- Neil K
- Melissa C
- Alice K
- Michael L
- Kristina G

SONIA ( please tell us email! )
- Emma P
- Meena M
- Feducea D
- Juliet K

3) Please email us your terms by NOVEMBER 22ND (THURS)---!!!!   If there is a term you need illustrated or want illustrated, please tell us (with a description if you like).  If there are no preferences, we will just choose what to draw.  

4) We have not discussed how to submit the finished product.  Patrick, should we give the drawings to you once we are done?  Should we submit them electronically or paper copy?  Should we give it to you on the Monday or Tuesday when it is due?

My terms, draft definitions and Dictionary citing

Hi all,
Here are my 5 terms and the very beginnings of their definition - this is
just to give an idea of where the final definitions will be headed. Please
feel free to critique, add to, modify, these draft definitions. My email is

Expletive symbols: Symbols used in comics to fill in emotive or unspoken
meaning. For example, the use of explanation marks or question marks in
speech bubbles to describe a character's thought process or response to a

Sound expression (was verbalization of sound): The use of words to represent
sound, such as the famous "Biff", "Pow", "Bam" used in Batman fight scenes.
This can be related to the literary technique of onomatopoeia.

Register: The type and variety of language used that creates the
communicative setting of a piece of written literature, for example informal
register. In comic books, register can refer to whether language is
conversational or narrative. Comic book register is determined also by the
images, for example, conversational register can be identified by the
inclusion of words within speech bubbles.

Word play: The use of words to create multi-layered meaning. Images can also
join with words to create effective word play, for example, the term "a fork
in the road" can be dramatized as a word play with the inclusion of an image
of an actual cutlery fork on the road (see Tank Girl: The Gifting imagery).

Puns: the use of words or phrases, often in a humorous context, to emphasize
or suggest their different meanings or applications, or the use of words
that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on

N.B: 'Register' and 'Puns' at this stage are partly made up of dictionary
definitions. Are we going to have to cite dictionary paraphrasing, or should
we steer clear of this and try and write in our own words as much as
possible? Look forward to hearing any feedback.


Monday, November 12, 2007

My Five Terms

My FIVE terms:
1. Anti-Hero
2. Mint Condition
3. Fantasy
4. Cameos
5. Metafiction
BY Meena Mangat

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My 5 terms

Fourth Wall


my 5 terms

here are my terms i will be defining:

Simple vs Complex
Action Drawings

from Joanna

Sunday, November 11, 2007

no subject

Hey Patrick,

Sorry, the 5 terms:

1)sound effect
2)splash balloons
5)series continuity of plot/characters

They belong to me.  
Cheers, Melissa

Friday, November 9, 2007

A couple things

Courtney - You're right, we have already designated 4 people to be artists. I don't think that we should rely on them to illustrate all of the definitions, probably something along the lines of 1 in 5 (1 per person). So we make sure that our definitions are strong enough to stand on their own.
As for citing sources in our definitions, I'm not sure what everone else thinks, but I think that since we are creating a dictionary, we should refrain from using direct quotations in our definitions, paraphrasing should suffice. At the end of the Dictionary would could have an extensive bibliography. Any other thoughts?
Also, does anyone know who these terms:
1) Sound Effect
2) Splash Balloons
3) Characterization
4) Enertainment/Hollywood
5) Series Continuity of plot/characters
There's no name associated with the posting.

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Thursday, November 8, 2007

Word Count

Dear All: regarding the word count for the assignment, the 'equivalency' criteria applies. That is, your research, preparation, and harmonisation work count as equivalency for the word count. You are on course to fully meet the assignment criteria, and complete a memorable document of lasting value.

Wednesday, November 7, 2007

My 5 Terms

Hi everyone,

Here are the 5 terms I will define as follows:

1) Sound Effect
2) Splash Balloons
3) Characterization
4) Enertainment/Hollywood
5) Series Continuity of plot/characters

Response and questions..

 Neil and Patrick, 

    Thank you for your responses to my question. I couldn't remember if us each doing 5 terms/definitions qualified the 1,500 each word requirement. And you're right, we should definatley clarify this with the professor, to be sure.

     I would like to expand I guess on Neil's question about using examples-- I think that there are artists who will be sketching/drawing examples of our terms for us....I am pretty sure, but we should inquire about this in seminar....

    My question is:  If we are researching to create these definitions, do we cite the research in our definitions?? This, I am still confused on.

     I know, I am probably annoying (and will get more so) and I apologize for that, but I just want to be sure on everything. This is a huge group, and everyone should be on the same page, and I want to do a really good job to not let the group down and do a great work to be published. 

      I hope everyone has had a great day!! 

     Courtney :)



I agree, this way we can produce a much more universal text too, one that does not depend upon investment in external sources.


Neil Kipling
Courtney - I also recall that Stephen said something to the effect that if we each do 5 terms that it would count as the equivalent to 1500 words.
Neil - Since Stephen's goal is for us to create a resource that future students can use (who most likely will not be reading thte same texts as we have) I think that we should make this Dictionary as self-contained as possible. Any other thoughts on the matter?

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My Terms

Howdy Folks,

Here are the terms I'm doing:



Negative Space



Courtney, I think Stephen had mentioned that we may not need to reach the 1500 word requirement per student if we split up the project like this. We may need to confirm that though.

I do have one question regarding the definitions though, can we use examples from the works we have been studying or should we be defining them and using the artwork (done by our classmates) as the example?


Neil Kipling

Tuesday, November 6, 2007

My 5 terms...

Hello all! :) 

 Here are the five terms I am going to define:
     1.) Magick
     2.) Episodes
     3.) Mythopoaeia
     4.)Superhero Problematic
     5.) Collector Culture

I saw Stephanie's defintions for her terms, and the word count for them is approximately 400 (and those were good definitions) how do we reach our 1,500 word mark? Are these just a starting point?

Also, how do we define these terms, some of them are already defined. Do we "define" them in our own terms and cite where we got the idea or part of definition from?

Sorry to ask so many questions, I just want to be super clear so I can do a good  job! :)

I hope everyone has a really great day!! :)
~Courtney :)

The five terms I will define...

Hello all! :) 
 Here are the five terms I am going to define:

The five terms I will define...

Hello all! :) 
 Here are the five terms I am going to define:

Updated Terms - Sorry about lateness

Hi all,

Sorry this list wasn't up last night, I had internet connectivity problems :(. You'll notice at the end that Stephanie has already done her definitions for several terms, I thought that it might be a good guide if you're stuck for ideas/how to execute.



Alter ego

Cover art

Super villain

Trade paperback

Splash pages

Sequential art

Underground comics


collector culture
good girl art
comic book death

Crossover (intertextuality in Comics)


vertical theory
gender barriers
gender boundaries
golden age



Sound effect

Splash Balloon





The Fourth Wall



McGuffin - rather like a red herring, an item that doesn't have the significance one would originally assume.
epic - in relation to comics, rather than, say, Homer. Also defined in the OED as "characterized by realism and an absence of theatrical devices," but often used in contemporary speech to merely mean a long and dramatic
serial/serialize/serialization - whether single issues in a comic digest,
a collection of trade paperbacks, or even hardcover collector's editions,
there's more than likely one in a series of a story.
alter-ego - a big attraction in American superhero comics, how does this
duality shape other genres or nations of origin?
in medias res - overused plot device that many comic artists seem to
censorship - whether for propaganda or to remove excessive violence,
gore, and nudity, both comics and manga with more mature themes deal with
censorship, although perhaps at differing quantities during different
onomatopoeia/sound effects - seen through many kinds of comics, and can
often lend a different visual ambiance to the scene (such as mentioned in
seminar about Batman: Dark Knight Returns)

Cameos (
Past Character/Pop Culture)
comix (independent, non-mainstream comics: i got this term from the internet) 
Series (continuity of plot, characters)
Entertainment/Hollywood (connections between comics and the entertainment industry) 
Mint Condition
Anti- Hero

Superhero problematic

moral ambiguity
"Camp"/ "camp value

Cross Culture
Negative Space
Simple vs Complex drawings and words

Action Drawing


Magical Realism


expletives X symbols
verbalization of sounds
register – difference in characters' speech according to cultural context &
class etc.

the use of foreign languages – whether it's translated or only used for
extra local colour
lettering – typeface, contrast of regular/bold/italicized letters
capitals X lower case letters

non-sequitur stories
child hero
comic biography
comic journalism



Lauren, Crystal, Anne

From Lauren:

What I think would work is every student chooses what they think are the most interesting of the terms they've defined, maybe 2 or 3 of them, then they e-mail them to us with suggestions for how they can see them illustrated.


Comic Book Terms


Screen Tones

Frequently seen in manga, screen tones are used for shading or to show anything requiring a pattern of the same kind of brush strokes.  They can be applied by hand or created in digital imaging programs and added to the comic.  There is no limit to things that can have screen tones applied to them, ranging from skin (shading) to clothing (like plaid).  Screen tones can help a comic look more lively or dramatic.



Also frequently seen in manga are 'chibi' (ie: super-deformed/mini) characters.  They stand about two (normal human) heads tall, with their head being a normal size and their body being shrunk significantly.  Many normal characters will turn into their chibi counterparts for a cute or comical factor, with their facial features being highly exaggerated.



An identifying feature for comics, they are usually done in a stylistic manner that is easy to recognize.  It applies to both distributors of the comic (ex: DC Comics) and to the characters/comic titles themselves (ex: Batman insignia).


Cover Art

The cover art for comics can be seen as a kind of extra attached to the part of the comic for aesthetic appeal.  Cover art forms a part of the comic book package,  and for some editions of comics, special 'collectors' editions are released, with a limited number of comics with that cover being released.


Used primarily in graphic design, typography is the arrangement of type to make the letters neat and appealing to the eye.  Emotion and messages can be accentuated, with larger font and the right typeface. Good typography seeks to make a piece seem united and complete, and in comics, successful use of it can make the type seem like an illustration in itself. 



Thought and speech bubbles one of the base features in comics, allowing the reader insight to the character's personality and providing visual for communication in comics (helping readers "hear" what a character is saying).  Sometimes, text is not even placed inside a balloon, leading to extra emphasis or side thoughts/dialogue.  If a bubble has no text in it, this can refer to a character taking a breath of air (the bubble with have a "popped bubble" icon inside) or of silence.



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Sunday, November 4, 2007


Hello patrick,

Here are a few more terms:
Cross Culture
Negative Space
Simple vs Complex drawings and words
Action Drawing
Color/tone – ie. Black and White, Sepia, full color etc
Realistic vs Abstract images

These ones are more along the lines of the art style.


Some other terms to look at...

Hello everyone! :)

 Some other terms I thought we could look at: (from my lecture notes)

      * Superhero problematic
      * moral ambiguity

      * "Camp"/ "camp value" (does this fall under the definition for "junk"?)

Have a great weekend everyone, see you Tuesday! :)